“Living without belief or unbelief” – John GRAY

The God of monotheism did not die, it only left the scene for a while in order to reappear as humanity – the human species dressed up as a collective agent, pursuing its self-realization in history. But, like the God of monotheism, humanity is a work of the imagination. The only observable reality is the… Continue lendo “Living without belief or unbelief” – John GRAY

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“William Empson: Dios como comandante de un campo de concentración” – John GRAY

«Si algo importante tenía la sensación de haber aprendido tras haber tratado de considerar la ética desde sus términos más fundamentales, es que aquello a lo que los cristianos rinden culto, con tan incesante publicidad de la tortura, es literalmente el diablo». A esa conclusión llegaba William Empson en el capítulo que dedicó al cristianismo… Continue lendo “William Empson: Dios como comandante de un campo de concentración” – John GRAY

“Jan Bockelson’s Münster: an early modern communist theocracy” – John GRAY

When he described Bolshevism as a religion rather than ‘an ordinary political movement’, Bertrand Russell hit on a larger truth. Because they shared some of the myths of monotheism, the great modern political experiments have been religious in nature. This can be seen by considering the millenarian movements of early modern times. At the end… Continue lendo “Jan Bockelson’s Münster: an early modern communist theocracy” – John GRAY

“From Nietzsche to Ayn Rand” – John GRAY

Few thinkers were more different than Henry Sidgwick and Friedrich Nietzsche. Sidgwick was unfailingly conscientious in his pursuit of truth, Nietzsche an intellectual adventurer who came to doubt the value of truth. Yet the two converged on a vital point. Once theism is left behind, not only much of religious morality but ‘morality’ itself must… Continue lendo “From Nietzsche to Ayn Rand” – John GRAY

Catecismo Positivista, Nuevo Ateísmo, Pecado Original – John GRAY

Comte expuso los dogmas del nuevo credo en el libro Catecismo positivista (1852). Diseñó unos atuendos especiales, con botones en la espalda para que nadie pudiera ponérselos sin la ayuda de otras personas, pues así se promovería el altruismo (palabra que Comte inventó). Y previó la figura de un Sumo Pontífice de la Humanidad, que… Continue lendo Catecismo Positivista, Nuevo Ateísmo, Pecado Original – John GRAY

“Dos teologías negativas: Baruch Spinoza y Lev Shestov” – John GRAY

No es fácil trazar la línea que separa el ateísmo de la teología negativa. Un ateo que niegue que Dios alguno crease el mundo podría afirmar la existencia de un Dios que está presente en el mundo, que lo impregna, pero del que poco o nada puede decirse en positivo. Convencido de que ese Dios… Continue lendo “Dos teologías negativas: Baruch Spinoza y Lev Shestov” – John GRAY

“John Gray e o equívoco do gnosticismo” – Rodrigo MENEZES

Em A alma da marionete (The Soul of the Marionette, 2015), John Gray dava indícios de compreender equivocadamente o assim-chamado "gnosticismo": a gnose da heresia gnóstica surgida no cristianismo primitivo, nos primeiros séculos da nossa era, e ressurgida na Idade Média, entre os cátaros e outros grupos religiosos sectários. Ele escreve: Hoje em dia, muitas… Continue lendo “John Gray e o equívoco do gnosticismo” – Rodrigo MENEZES

“Atheism, Gnosticism and Modern Political Religion” – John GRAY

Seemingly opposed, utopian dreams of a perfect world and faith in gradual improvement have the same source in Christian monotheism. The idea of progress is a mutant version of the Christian belief that human salvation is found in history, while modern revolutionary and liberal movements continue the faith in an end to history that inspired… Continue lendo “Atheism, Gnosticism and Modern Political Religion” – John GRAY

“Em que acreditam os ateus?” – Juan Arnau NAVARRO

Gray é um ateu encantado por viver num mundo sem deuses ou com um deus inominável. Mas se declara inimigo do ateu militante que, embora negue sê-lo, é o pior crente de todos, tedioso e pouco inspirador (o nada não precisa de propaganda), e resgata ateus como Santayana, que amava a religião, ou como Schopenhauer,… Continue lendo “Em que acreditam os ateus?” – Juan Arnau NAVARRO

“How different really are atheists and believers?” – Costica BRADATAN

The Washington Post, November 16, 2018 Costica Bradatan is a professor of humanities at Texas Tech University. He is the author, most recently, of “Dying for Ideas: The Dangerous Lives of the Philosophers.” ‘If you want to understand atheism and religion,” writes John Gray in his new book, “Seven Types of Atheism,” “you must forget… Continue lendo “How different really are atheists and believers?” – Costica BRADATAN