“Jan Bockelson’s Münster: an early modern communist theocracy” – John GRAY

When he described Bolshevism as a religion rather than ‘an ordinary political movement’, Bertrand Russell hit on a larger truth. Because they shared some of the myths of monotheism, the great modern political experiments have been religious in nature. This can be seen by considering the millenarian movements of early modern times. At the end… Continue lendo “Jan Bockelson’s Münster: an early modern communist theocracy” – John GRAY

“From Nietzsche to Ayn Rand” – John GRAY

Few thinkers were more different than Henry Sidgwick and Friedrich Nietzsche. Sidgwick was unfailingly conscientious in his pursuit of truth, Nietzsche an intellectual adventurer who came to doubt the value of truth. Yet the two converged on a vital point. Once theism is left behind, not only much of religious morality but ‘morality’ itself must… Continue lendo “From Nietzsche to Ayn Rand” – John GRAY

“The Progress of Irony” and “The Sense That Everything Is Going Wrong” – CIORAN

THE HUDSON REVIEW, Autumn 2012 The Progress of Irony An idea’s initial burst sometimes possesses a value that is masked by subsequent corrections. This is, no doubt, one of the reasons Cioran did not publish this text. The first version (ms. 242), published here, is, as a matter of fact, more finished than the second,… Continue lendo “The Progress of Irony” and “The Sense That Everything Is Going Wrong” – CIORAN

What Cats Teach Us About Happiness | A Cat’s Philosophy

Most of the time, cats come across as utterly indifferent. They don’t seem to care about other cats and aren’t too attached to their owners. But does this mean that cats are immoral, heartless creatures? Are cats, from a philosophical viewpoint, devoid of ethics and virtue? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4T_fwF-Torc According to philosopher John Gray, author of the… Continue lendo What Cats Teach Us About Happiness | A Cat’s Philosophy

The “Axial Period”: What Was It and What Does It Signify? – Antony BLACK

The Review of Politics, Vol. 70, No. 1, Special Issue on Comparative Political Theory (Winter, 2008), pp. 23-39 Abstract: Karl Jaspers coined the term the "axial period" to refer to what he saw as the simultaneous development in several different and separate societies-China, India, Iran, Israel, Greece-of "a new departure within mankind." What he meant… Continue lendo The “Axial Period”: What Was It and What Does It Signify? – Antony BLACK

“Hume on religion” – Paul Russell & Anders Kraal

STANFORD ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY, October 4, 2005 David Hume’s various writings concerning problems of religion are among the most important and influential contributions on this topic. In these writings Hume advances a systematic, sceptical critique of the philosophical foundations of various theological systems. Whatever interpretation one takes of Hume’s philosophy as a whole, it is… Continue lendo “Hume on religion” – Paul Russell & Anders Kraal

Why are autocrats popular? – Assault on democracy | DW Documentary

A wave of authoritarianism is churning from East to West and assailing civil society. Autocrats are threatening democracy, while their regimes portray NGOs as Trojan horses for foreign interference. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jWOlugUj4Qk The resurgence of authoritarianism is impacting countries across the globe, no matter what their form of government. "In the Crosshairs of the State" documents this… Continue lendo Why are autocrats popular? – Assault on democracy | DW Documentary

“Progress, the moth-eaten musical brocade” – John GRAY

A great American poet, John Ashbery, wrote that tomorrow is easy, but today is uncharted. He put his finger on our real weakness. It is not our ignorance of the future which is incurable. It is our failure to understand the present. Our view of the present time is overlaid with after-images from the recent… Continue lendo “Progress, the moth-eaten musical brocade” – John GRAY

O valor da liberdade – John GRAY

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NrHAvwjLtXc John Nicholas Gray (born 17 April 1948) is an English political philosopher and author with interests in analytic philosophy and the history of ideas. He retired in 2008 as School Professor of European Thought at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Gray contributes regularly to The Guardian, The Times Literary Supplement and… Continue lendo O valor da liberdade – John GRAY

“Spiritual Titanism: Indian, Chinese, and Western Perspectives” – Nicholas F. GIER

PREFACE What matters most for India is not so much the salvation of the personality as the acquisition of absolute freedom.—Mircea Eliade In the millennium to come we are meant to become Gods on other planets. This is the great potential of our Divinity.—Gopi Krishna The whole ascetic tradition . . . springs from that… Continue lendo “Spiritual Titanism: Indian, Chinese, and Western Perspectives” – Nicholas F. GIER